June 2021

nature communications

Post-myocardial infarction heart failure dysregulates the bone vascular niche

Hoffmann J, Luxán G, Abplanalp WT, Glaser SF, Rasper T, Fischer A, Muhly-Reinholz M, Potente M, Assmus B, John D, Zeiher AM, Dimmeler S.

 

 

Abstract:

The regulation of bone vasculature by chronic diseases, such as heart failure is unknown. Here, we describe the effects of myocardial infarction and post-infarction heart failure on the bone vascular cell composition. We demonstrate an age-independent loss of type H endothelium in heart failure after myocardial infarction in both mice and humans. Using single-cell RNA sequencing, we delineate the transcriptional heterogeneity of human bone marrow endothelium, showing increased expression of inflammatory genes, including IL1Band MYC, in ischemic heart failure. Endothelial-specific overexpression of MYC was sufficient to induce type H bone endothelial cells, whereas inhibition of NLRP3-dependent IL-1β production partially prevented the post-myocardial infarction loss of type H vasculature in mice. These results provide a rationale for using anti-inflammatory therapies to prevent or reverse the deterioration of bone vascular function in ischemic heart disease.

 

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